Article Biodistribution In-vivo Studies Radiobiology Year 2019

BNCT induced immunomodulatory effects contribute to mammary tumor inhibition

PLoS ONE, 2019

Authors:   Aslam Khan,Charlie Maitz,Cai Quanyu,Fred Hawthorne
Journal: PLoS ONE
Abstract: In the United States, breast cancer is one of the most common and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in women. Treatment modalities for mammary tumor are surgical removal of the tumor tissue followed by either chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both. Radiation therapy is a whole body irradiation regimen that suppresses the immune system leaving hosts susceptible to infection or secondary tumors. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in that regard is more selective, the cells that are mostly affected are those that are loaded with 109 or more 10B atoms. Previously, we have described that liposomal encapsulation of boron-rich compounds such as TAC and MAC deliver a high payload to the tumor tissue when injected intravenously. Here we report that liposome-mediated boron delivery to the tumor is inversely proportional to the size of the murine mammary (EMT-6) tumors. The plausible reason for the inverse ratio of boron and EMT-6 tumor size is the necrosis in these tumors, which is more prominent in the large tumors. The large tumors also have receding blood vessels contributing further to poor boron delivery to these tumors. We next report that the presence of boron in blood is essential for the effects of BNCT on EMT-6 tumor inhibition as direct injection of boron-rich liposomes did not provide any added advantage in inhibition of EMT-6 tumor in BALB/c mice following irradiation despite having a significantly higher amount of boron in the tumor tissue. BNCT reaction in PBMCs resulted in the modification of these cells to anti-tumor phenotype. In this study, we report the immunomodulatory effects of BNCT when boron-rich compounds are delivered systemically.