Article Biodistribution Biology In-vivo Studies Year 2014

Hemorrhage in mouse tumors induced by dodecaborate cluster lipids intended for boron neutron capture therapy

International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2014

Authors:   Tanja Schaffran,Nan Jiang,Markus Bergmann,Ekkehard Küstermann,Regine Süss,Rolf Schubert,Franz Wagner,Doaa Awad,Detlef Gabel
Journal: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Abstract: The potential of boron-containing lipids with three different structures, which were intended for use in boron neutron capture therapy, was investigated. All three types of boron lipids contained the anionic dodecaborate cluster as the headgroup. Their effects on two different tumor models in mice following intravenous injection were tested; for this, liposomes with boron lipid, distearoyl phosphatidylcholine, and cholesterol as helper lipids, and containing a polyethylene glycol lipid for steric protection, were administered intravenously into tumor-bearing mice (C3H mice for SCCVII squamous cell carcinoma and BALB/c mice for CT26/WT colon carcinoma). With the exception of one lipid (B-THF-14), the lipids were well tolerated, and no other animal was lost due to systemic toxicity. The lipid which led to death was not found to be much more toxic in cell culture than the other boron lipids. All of the lipids that were well tolerated showed hemorrhage in both tumor models within a few hours after administration. The hemorrhage could be seen by in vivo magnetic resonance and histology, and was found to occur within a few hours. The degree of hemorrhage depended on the amount of boron administered and on the tumor model. The observed unwanted effect of the lipids precludes their use in boron neutron capture therapy. {textcopyright} 2014 Schaffran et al.