Article Boron Determination Physics Year 2000

Models for estimation of the 10B concentration after BPA-fructose complex infusion in patients during epithermal neutron irradiation in BNCT

International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, 2000

Authors:   Päivi Ryynänen,Mika Kortesniemi,Jeffrey Coderre,Aidnag Diaz,Pekka Hiismäki,Sauli Savolainen
Journal: International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics
Abstract: Purpose: To create simple and reliable models for clinical practice for estimating the blood 10B time-concentration curve after p-boronophenylalanine fructose complex (BPA-F) infusion in patients during neutron irradiation in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Methods and Materials: BPA-F (290 mg BPA/kg body weight) was infused i.v. during two hours to 10 glioblastoma multiforme patients. Blood samples were collected during and after the infusion. Compartmental models and bi-exponential function fit were constructed based on the 10B blood time-concentration curve. The constructed models were tested with data from six additional patients who received various amounts of infused BPA-F and data from one patient who received a one-hour infusion of 170 mg BPA/kg body weight. Results: The resulting open two-compartment model and bi-exponential function estimate the clearance of 10B after 290 mg BPA/kg body weight infusion from the blood with satisfactory accuracy during the first irradiation field (1 ppm, i.e., 7%). The accuracy of the two models in predicting the clearance of 10B during the second irradiation field are for two-compartment model 1.0 ppm (8%) and 0.2 ppm (2%) for bi-exponential function. The models predict the average blood 10B concentration with an increasing accuracy as more data points are available during the treatment. Conclusion: By combining the two models, a robust and practical modeling tool is created for the estimation of the 10B concentration in blood after BPA-F infusion.