Article In-vivo Studies Radiobiology Year 2006

Effects of boron neutron capture therapy on human oral squamous cell carcinoma in a nude mouse model

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 2006

Authors:   Akitoshi Kamida,Shigeki Obayashi,Itsuro Kato,Koji Ono,Minoru Suzuki,Kenji Nagata,Yoshinori Sakurai,Yoshiaki Yura
Journal: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Abstract: Purpose: The effect of boronophenylalanine (BPA)-mediated boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) on human oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) xenografts in nude mice was examined. Materials and methods: Tumor-bearing mice were given BPA at a dose of 250 mg/kg body weight. The tumor 10B concentration 2 h after an injection of BPA was higher than those 1 or 3 h after the injection. Neutron irradiation was performed beginning 1, 2 or 3 h after an injection of BPA and the effects on body weight of the animals, tumor growth, survival of tumor-bearing animals, and histology of tumor and normal tissue were examined. Fragmented nuclear DNA, 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU), and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) were detected by immunohistochemical staining. Results: Tumor volumes of untreated control animals increased continuously, whereas those of BNCT-treated animals were markedly decreased. Animals given neutron irradiation 2 h after the injection of BPA survived for a longer period as compared with those given neutron irradiation 1 or 3 h after the injection. BNCT reduced the incorporation of BrdU into tumor cells, and induced the enlargement and vacuolation of tumor cells. Disintegration of blood vessels and dense inflammatory cell infiltration were also observed in the stroma of the tumor, but not surrounding normal tissues. Conclusion: These results indicate that BPA-mediated BNCT can exert a curative effect on human oral SCC xenografts in nude mice, if an optimal 10B concentration in tumors is achieved and that the disintegration of blood vessels in tumor stroma may contribute to tumor remission by BNCT. {textcopyright} 2006 Taylor & Francis.