Article In-vitro Studies Molecular Biology Radiobiology Year 2015

DNA damage induced by boron neutron capture therapy is partially repaired by DNA ligase IV

Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 2015

Authors:   Natsuko Kondo, Yoshinori Sakurai, Yuki Hirota, Hiroki Tanaka, Tsubasa Watanabe, Yosuke Nakagawa, Masaru Narabayashi, Yuko Kinashi, Shin-ichi Miyatake, Masatoshi Hasegawa, Minoru Suzuki, Shin-ichiro Masunaga, Takeo Ohnishi, Koji Ono
Journal: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Abstract: Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a particle radiation therapy that involves the use of a thermal or epithermal neutron beam in combination with a boron (10B)-containing compound that specifically accumulates in tumor. 10B captures neutrons and the resultant fission reaction produces an alpha (4He) particle and a recoiled lithium nucleus (7Li). These particles have the characteristics of high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation and therefore have marked biological effects. High-LET radiation is a potent inducer of DNA damage, specifically of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of DNA ligase IV, a key player in the non-homologous end-joining repair pathway, in the repair of BNCT-induced DSBs. We analyzed the cellular sensitivity of the mouse embryonic fibroblast cell lines Lig4−/− p53−/− and Lig4+/+ p53−/− to irradiation using a thermal neutron beam in the presence or absence of 10B-para-boronophenylalanine (BPA). The Lig4−/− p53−/− cell line had a higher sensitivity than the Lig4+/+ p53−/−cell line to irradiation with the beam alone or the beam in combination with BPA. In BNCT (with BPA), both cell lines exhibited a reduction of the 50 % survival dose (D 50) by a factor of 1.4 compared with gamma-ray and neutron mixed beam (without BPA). Although it was found that 10B uptake was higher in the Lig4+/+ p53−/− than in the Lig4−/− p53−/− cell line, the latter showed higher sensitivity than the former, even when compared at an equivalent 10B concentration. These results indicate that BNCT-induced DNA damage is partially repaired using DNA ligase IV.