2009 Article In-vivo Studies Radiobiology Year 2009

Insight into the mechanisms underlying tumor response to boron neutron capture therapy in the hamster cheek pouch oral cancer model

Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, 2009

Authors:   Romina Aromando,Elisa Heber,Verónica Trivillin,David Nigg,Amanda Schwint,María Itoiz,
Journal: Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine
Abstract: Objective: The therapeutic success of different boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) protocols employing the hamster cheek pouch oral cancer model has been previously reported by our laboratory. The aim of this study was to explore potential mechanisms of BNCT-induced damage to tumor in terms of potential inhibition in DNA synthesis and induction of apoptosis in the tumors that underwent partial remission following application of the different BNCT protocols in this model. Materials and methods: We evaluated DNA synthesis employing incorporation of 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine as an end-point. Apoptosis was evaluated by immunohistochemistry employing the deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick end-labeling technique and Bax and Bcl-2 labeling. These studies were performed in tumors that underwent partial remission 1-30 days post-BNCT mediated by boronophenylalanine (BPA), GB-10 (Na210B 10H10) or (BPA + GB-10). Results: BNCT exerted a marked inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis in tumors for all the protocols under study. The inhibitory effect of BPA-BNCT occurred as soon as 1 day post-treatment (P < 0.001). Conversely, the effect of GB-10-BNCT became apparent 7-14 days after therapy (P < 0.001) and was sustained until killed at 30 days post-treatment (P < 0.001). (GB-10 + BPA)-BNCT exerted a rapid and persistent effect, conceivably because of the combined effect of BNCT mediated by both boron compounds. The apoptosis studies did not show differences between the pre-treatment group and any of the BNCT groups. Conclusions: One of the mechanisms involved in BNCT-induced tumor control in our model would be an inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis. Apoptosis does not seem to have a significant role in BNCT-induced tumor control in our model. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.