Article Chemistry Nanoparticles Year 2007

Synthesis of cetuximab-immunoliposomes via a cholesterol-based membrane anchor for targeting of EGFR

Bioconjugate Chemistry, 2007

Authors:   Xiaogang Pan,Gong Wu,Weiliang Yang,Rolf Barth,Werner Tjarks,Robert Lee
Journal: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Abstract: The objective of the present study was to construct epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting cetuximab-immunoliposomes (ILs) for targeted delivery of boron compounds to EGFR(+) glioma cells for neutron capture therapy. The ILs were synthesized by using a novel cholesterol-based membrane anchor, maleimido-PEG-cholesterol (Mal-PEG-Chol), to incorporate cetuximab into liposomes by either surface conjugation or a post-insertion method. For post-insertion, the transfer efficiency of MAb conjugates from micelles to liposome was examined at varying temperatures, mPEG2000-DSPE ratios, and micelle-to-liposome lipid ratios. Following this, the cetuximab-ILs were evaluated for targeted delivery of the encapsulated boron anion, dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate (2-) (B12H122-), to human EGFR gene transfected F98EGFR glioma cells as potential delivery agents for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). In addition, cellular uptake of cetuximab-ILs, encapsulating a fluorescence dye, was analyzed by confocal fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry, and boron content was quantified by ICP-MS. Much greater (∼8-fold) cellular uptake of boron was obtained using cetuximab-ILs in EGFR(+) F98EGFR compared with nontargeted human IgG-ILs. On the basis of these observations, we have concluded that cholesterol can serve as an effective anchor for MAb in liposomes, and cetuximab-ILs are potentially useful delivery vehicles for BNCT of gliomas. {textcopyright} 2007 American Chemical Society.