Article Chemistry Small Boron compounds Year 2017

Interactions of Boron Clusters and their Derivatives with Serum Albumin

Scientific Reports, 2017

Authors:   Tomasz M. Goszczyński, Krzysztof Fink, Konrad Kowalski, Zbigniew J. Leśnikowski, Janusz Boratyński
Journal: Scientific Reports
Abstract: Boron clusters are polyhedral boron hydrides with unique properties, and they are becoming increasingly widely used in biology and medicine, including for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) of cancers and in the design of novel bioactive molecules and potential drugs. Among boron cluster types, icosahedral boranes, carboranes, and metallacarboranes are particularly interesting, and there is a need for basic studies on their interaction with biologically important molecules, such as proteins. Herein, we report studies on the interaction of selected boron clusters and their derivatives with serum albumin, the most abundant protein in mammalian blood. The interaction of boron clusters with albumin was examined by fluorescence quenching, circular dichroism, dynamic and static light scattering measurements and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Our results showed that metallacarboranes have the strongest interaction with albumin among the tested clusters. The observed strength of boron cluster interactions with albumin decreases in order: metallacarboranes [M(C2B9H11)2]− > carboranes (C2B10H12) >> dodecaborate anion [B12H12]2−. Metallacarboranes first specifically interact with the binding cavity of albumin and then, with increasing compound concentrations, interact non-specifically with the protein surface. These findings can be of importance and are useful in the development of new bioactive compounds that contain boron clusters.