2015 Accelerators Article Beams ICNCT16 Physics

Liquid Li based neutron source for BNCT and science application

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2015

Authors:   H. Horiike,I. Murata,T. Iida,S. Yoshihashi,E. Hoashi,I. Kato,N. Hashimoto,S. Kuri,S. Oshiro,
Journal: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Abstract: Liquid lithium (Li) is a candidate material for a target of intense neutron source, heat transfer medium in space engines and charges stripper. For a medical application of BNCT, epithermal neutrons with least energetic neutrons and γ-ray are required so as to avoid unnecessary doses to a patient. This is enabled by lithium target irradiated by protons at 2.5MeV range, with utilizing the threshold reaction of 7Li(p,n)7Be at 1.88MeV. In the system, protons at 2.5MeV penetrate into Li layer by 0.25mm with dissipating heat load near the surface. To handle it, thin film flow of high velocity is important for stable operation. For the proton accelerator, electrostatic type of the Schnkel or the tandem is planned to be employed. Neutrons generated at 0.6MeV are gently moderated to epithermal energy while suppressing accompanying γ-ray minimum by the dedicated moderator assembly.