2015 Article Chemistry Drug Delivery System ICNCT16 In-vitro Studies

Hyaluronic acid as a potential boron carrier for BNCT: Preliminary evaluation

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2015

Authors:   A. Zaboronok,T. Yamamoto,K. Nakai,F. Yoshida,S. Uspenskii,M. Selyanin,A. Zelenetskii,Akira Matsumura,
Journal: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Abstract: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a nonimmunogenic, biocompatible polymer found in different biological tissues, has the potential to attach to CD44 receptors on the surface of certain cancer cells, where the receptor is overexpressed compared with normal cells. Boron–hyaluronic acid (BHA) was tested for its feasibility as a potential agent for BNCT. BHA with low-viscosity 30kDa HA could be administered by intravenous injection. The compound showed a certain degree of cytotoxicity and accumulation in C6 rat glioma cells in vitro. Instability of the chelate bonds between boron and HA and/or insufficient specificity of CD44 receptors on C6 cells to BHA could account for the insufficient in vitro accumulation. To ensure the future eligibility of BHA for BNCT experiments, using alternative tumor cell lines and chemically securing the chelate bonds or synthesizing BHA with boron covalently attached to HA might be required.