2015 Accelerators Article BSA designs ICNCT16 Physics

Demonstration of a high-intensity neutron source based on a liquid-lithium target for Accelerator based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2015

Authors:   S. Halfon,A. Arenshtam,D. Kijel,M. Paul,L. Weissman,D. Berkovits,I. Eliyahu,G. Feinberg,A. Kreisel,I. Mardor,G. Shimel,A. Shor,I. Silverman,M. Tessler,
Journal: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Abstract: A free surface liquid-lithium jet target is operating routinely at Soreq Applied Research Accelerator Facility (SARAF), bombarded with a ~1.91MeV, ~1.2mA continuous-wave narrow proton beam. The experiments demonstrate the liquid lithium target (LiLiT) capability to constitute an intense source of epithermal neutrons, for Accelerator based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The target dissipates extremely high ion beam power densities (>3kW/cm2, >0.5MW/cm3) for long periods of time, while maintaining stable conditions and localized residual activity. LiLiT generates ~3×1010n/s, which is more than one order of magnitude larger than conventional 7Li(p,n)-based near threshold neutron sources. A shield and moderator assembly for BNCT, with LiLiT irradiated with protons at 1.91MeV, was designed based on Monte Carlo (MCNP) simulations of BNCT-doses produced in a phantom. According to these simulations it was found that a ~15mA near threshold proton current will apply the therapeutic doses in ~1h treatment duration. According to our present results, such high current beams can be dissipated in a liquid-lithium target, hence the target design is readily applicable for accelerator-based BNCT.