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2020 Article Case reports Clinical trials ICNCT18 Medicine Special Issue(ARI)

Boron neutron capture therapy for head and neck cancer: Relevance of nuclear-cytoplasmic volume ratio and anti-tumor effect. -A preliminary report-

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2020

Authors:   Aihara T., Hiratsuka J., Kamitani N., Nishimura H., Ono K.
Journal: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2020.109212
Abstract: BNCT is a type of particle beam radiation therapy that utilizes an ? particle and 7Li nucleus generated when a thermal neutron is captured by a 10B nucleus involved in the boron compound that has been taken up into tumor tissue selectively. In this report, the relevance of N/C ratio of tumor cell and anti-tumor effect for BNCT clinical cases of head and neck cancer were verified. Examination of pre-irradiated tumor histopathological specimens of 9 BNCT treated head and neck cancer patients (4 CR patients, 5 non-CR patients) was performed. The statistically significant difference between the CR group and the non-CR group was examined for the physical dose was multiplied by the absolute biological effectiveness (ABE) value determined from the patient’s tumor specific N/C ratio. Analysis showed the mean tumor dose could not distinguish between CR and non-CR groups. However, the ABE dose could clearly distinguish between the CR group and the non-CR group (p = 0.0250). The N/C ratio of tumor cell can influence the anti-tumor effect of BNCT for HNC.

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