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1999 Accelerators Article Physics

Thick target neutron yields for the 7Li(p,n)7Be reaction near threshold

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 1999

Authors:   Lee C.L., Zhou X.L.
Journal: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(99)00026-9
Abstract: Transportable accelerator sources of epithermal neutrons are crucial for the development of hospital-based boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) as a treatment modality for brain cancers. One method for producing such epithermal neutrons is near-threshold (p,n) reactions as studied by our group, as well as several other investigators. As part of this effort, we have developed accurate methods for computing the angular distributions and energy spectra of neutrons from thick targets using the 7Li(p,n)7Be reaction near threshold. Neutron yields are calculated for lithium metal as well as several lithium compounds of low molecular weight. The calculational method is discussed, with emphasis on the improvements over previously published methods. Neutron energy spectra, angular distributions, and total yields for proton beam energies up to 120 keV above threshold are presented. A method is also demonstrated for calculating neutron yields for targets that are not sufficiently thick to slow protons past the reaction threshold.

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